Amidst increasing awareness of Canadian business ties to forced labour overseas, Ottawa is being urged to make better use of legal and policy tools at its disposal to attack this problem. In this short backgrounder we take stock of Canada's existing legislation and policies of relevance to forced labour in international supply chains, and how they are — or aren't — being enforced.
Reports, Case Studies and Backgrounders
In an ecologically fragile region of southern Africa, Calgary-based company Reconnaissance Africa Energy is exploring for oil. The project has sparked alarm around the globe, as environmental groups and community leaders warn of possible threats to critical food and water supplies, local livelihoods and endangered wildlife.
Close to 25 million women, men and children are trapped in forced labour around the globe, working under abusive conditions in the factories, fields, and other sites where much of the world’s — and Canada’s — goods are produced.
Eight claims containing allegations of environmental or human rights abuse related to the overseas operations of Canadian extractive companies have been filed in Canadian courts. This document provides a summary of these eight lawsuits, their implications, and the challenges presented by transnational lawsuits of this nature.
Canada has become the second-largest public financier of fossil fuels in the G20 due to the business carried out by its export bank. New research commissioned by Above Ground and Oil Change International identifies policy and legal reforms needed to reverse the trend and redirect the bank's resources into low-carbon solutions.
While other public institutions pull out of fossil fuels, Canada's export credit agency continues to heavily support oil companies vying to expand production in one of the world's most emissions-intensive oil fields.