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Reports, Case Studies and Backgrounders

Enforcing Canada’s forced labour import prohibition: Key challenges and recommended reforms

May 16, 2024
Importing goods made with forced labour has been prohibited under Canadian law since 2020. However, customs authorities have only once taken enforcement action under this prohibition. In this report we examine flaws in Canada’s enforcement framework and needed reforms, based on analysis from Goldblatt Partners LLP.
January 22, 2024
This publication provides an overview of claims filed in Canadian courts containing allegations of environmental or human rights abuse overseas linked to the operations of Canadian extractive companies or companies within their corporate group. We examine the outcomes and implications of each case, and the challenges inherent in transnational litigation of this nature.
July 25, 2023
Amidst increasing awareness of Canadian ties to forced labour overseas, Ottawa is being urged to make better use of legal tools to attack the problem. In this brief, we take stock of Canada's existing legislation and policies related to forced labour in international supply chains, and how they are — or aren't — being enforced.
November 3, 2021
In an ecologically fragile region of southern Africa, Calgary-based company Reconnaissance Africa Energy is exploring for oil. The project has sparked alarm around the globe, as environmental groups and community leaders warn of possible threats to critical food and water supplies, local livelihoods and endangered wildlife.
June 21, 2021
Close to 25 million women, men and children are trapped in forced labour around the globe, working under abusive conditions in the factories, fields, and other sites where much of the world’s — and Canada’s — goods are produced.
June 15, 2020
Canada has become the second-largest public financier of fossil fuels in the G20 due to the business carried out by its export bank. New research commissioned by Above Ground and Oil Change International identifies policy and legal reforms needed to reverse the trend and redirect the bank's resources into low-carbon solutions.
July 15, 2019
Over the past decade Kinross Gold has dramatically expanded its Morro do Ouro mine, displacing traditional communities in the process. Despite these abuses, Kinross Gold remains a frequent client of Canada's export bank.
July 15, 2019
Warnings of corruption and social and environmental harm accompanied the Hidroituango venture from its earliest days. Yet Canada’s export credit agency helped make the project happen, with a $466-million loan to EPM, the company developing the dam.
July 15, 2019
While other public institutions pull out of fossil fuels, Canada's export credit agency continues to heavily support oil companies ramping up production in one of the world's most emissions-intensive oil fields.

media contact

Karen Hamilton, director
khamilton@aboveground.ngo
1 (438) 992-5163